Search Results ( 197 results found.)

Posted By : TUTOR

Course : Medical Sciences | Subject : ENT

Question :

Essay: (10)

1. Enumerate the causes of epistaxis. Discuss the management of sudden, profuse nasal bleed in an adolescent male. (3 +7)

Short notes: (4x3=12)

2. Clinical features of attico-antral type of chronic suppurative otitis media

3. Etio-pathology of sino-nasal polyposis

4. Complications of tracheostomy

5. Management of para pharyngeal abscess

Draw and label: (2x2=4)

6. Osteomeatal complex

7. Medial wall of the tympanic cavity

Answer briefly: (5x2=10)

8. Pure tone audiogram findings in stapedial otosclerosis

9. Functions of middle ear

10.cardinal signs of Tuberculous laryngitis

11.Clinical features of lateral sinus thrombophlebitis

12.Management of foreign body bronchus

Give precise answers: (4x1=4)

13.Hennebert sign

14.One antibiotic used in Acute Tonsillitis with its dosage

15.Function of turbinates

16.Tympanometry showing normal middle ear function

0 Answer 0 Comments 28 views February 01, 2019 at 04:30 pm

Posted By : TUTOR

Course : Medical Sciences | Subject : Ophthalmology

Question :

Essay: (10)

1. Patient presents with a history of watering with mucopurulent discharge for the last six months in the right eye. Regurgitation test positive.

Answer the following: 

What is your more probable diagnosis 

Describe the anatomy 

How do you confirm the diagnosis 

What are the complications 

How will you manage the condition (1+2+2+2+3)


Short Notes: (4x3=12)

2. Lens induced glaucoma

3. Phthisis bulbi

4. Keratoplasty

5. Occlusio pupillae

Draw & Label: (2x2=4)

6. Normal fundus

7. Cross section of the angle of the anterior chamber

Answer Briefly: (5x2=10)

8. Sub-conjunctival hemorrhage

9. Aphakia




Give Precise Answers: (4x1=4)

13.Mention two antiviral agents

14.Mention two causes of toxic amblyopia

15.Mention two syndromes associated with cataract

16.Mention two surgical types of tarsorrhaphy

0 Answer 0 Comments 29 views February 01, 2019 at 04:28 pm

Posted By : TUTOR

Course : Medical Sciences | Subject : Forensic medicine

Question :

Essay: (7)

1. A 16 years old unmarried woman was brought to casualty with high temperature, tachycardia and dyspnea. On examination the woman showed pelvic emphysema, wine coloured foul smelling discharge from the vagina and died shortly while undergoing treatment.

Answer the following: 

What is the provisional diagnosis 

Causative organism 

Post mortem findings 

Medico legal aspects (1+1+3+2)


Short notes: (5x3=15)

2. Professional negligence

3. Criminal responsibility of mentally ill person

4. Sexual asphyxias

5. Caffey’s syndrome

6. Management of methanol poisoning

Answer briefly: (5x2=10)

7. Perjury

8. Fabricated injury

9. Hermaphroditism


11.Abrasion collar

Differentiate between: (2x2=4)

12.Rigor mortis and pugilistic attitude

13.Suicidal and homicidal cut throat wounds

Draw and label: (2x2=4)

14.Intracranial hemorrhages

15.Hyoid bone fractures 

0 Answer 0 Comments 31 views February 01, 2019 at 04:26 pm

Posted By : TUTOR

Course : Medical Sciences | Subject : Microbiology

Question :

Essay: (10)

1. A 14 years old boy presents with complaints of fever, headache, retro bulbar pain maculopapular rash, pain in the back and limbs for the past ten days. The fever is typically biphasic in nature.

Answer the following. 

What is the probable diagnosis and the causative agent 

How the disease is transmitted.

Name two other diseases transmitted in the same way. 

Name the investigations for specific diagnosis and test for complications 

Name two complications of this disease 

What are the preventing measures to be employed (1+2+2+3+2)

Short essay: (2x5=10)

2. Opportunistic fungal infections

3. Laboratory diagnosis of lymphatic filariasis

Short notes: (10x2=20)

4. Name two parasite which causes iron deficiency anemia

5. Name the causative agent, infective form and complications of neurocysticercosis

6. Cryptococcosis

7. Name the non-neural vaccines for preventing rabies and pre-exposure prophylaxis

8. Name four oncogenic viruses and malignancy caused.

9. Name the causative agent ant transmitting vector for kala azar

10.Draw the morphological structure of influenza virus

11.Sabouraud dextrose agar

12.Mention four fungi causing subcutaneous mycosis


0 Answer 0 Comments 29 views February 01, 2019 at 04:22 pm

Posted By : TUTOR

Course : Medical Sciences | Subject : Microbiology

Question :

Essay: (10)

1. Define sterilization and disinfection. Name the best method of heat sterilization temperature/s employed and holding periods. Describe the working of above instrument and its applications in hospital and lab. What are the sterilization controls used. (2+2+4+2)

Short essay: (2x5=10)

2. Type 4 hypersensitivity

3. Laboratory diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis

Short notes: (10x2=20)

4. Laboratory diagnosis of cholera

5. Radiation as a sterilization method

6. Enriched media

7. IgA

8. Define artificial active immunity with two examples

9. ELISA – types and applications

10.Laboratory diagnosis of urinary tract infection

11.Laboratory diagnosis of brucellosis

12.Laboratory diagnosis of actinomycosis


0 Answer 0 Comments 29 views February 01, 2019 at 04:20 pm

Posted By : TUTOR

Course : Medical Sciences | Subject : Pathology

Question :

Essay: (8)

1. Define and classify cirrhosis. Describe the pathogenesis and morphology of alcoholic liver disease. (2+3+3)

Short essay: (6)

2. A 50 years old man came with complaints of painless hematuria and pain in the right flank since one month and gave h/o loss of weight of about 10 Kg. in the last 6 months. O/E: A right sided flank mass is palpable on bimanual examination.

 What is your diagnosis. 

Explain the etiopathogenesis of the condition. 

Describe the morphology of the lesion. (1+2+3)

Short notes: (4x4=16)

3. Hemophilia

4. Prognostic factors of carcinoma of breast

5. Medullary carcinoma of thyroid

6. Sub-acute bacterial endocarditis

Answer briefly: (4x2=8)

7. Berry aneurysm

8. Rheumatoid arthritis

9. Mature cystic teratoma of ovary

10.Causes of hypersplenism

Answer in single sentence: (4x½=2)


12.Helicobacter pylori

13.Warthin tumor

14.Grey hepatisation

0 Answer 0 Comments 35 views February 01, 2019 at 04:19 pm

Posted By : TUTOR

Course : Medical Sciences | Subject : Pathology

Question :

Essay: (8)

1. Enumerate the types of wound healing. Describe the mechanism of wound healing and factors influencing it. Add a note on fracture healing. (1+3+2+2)

Short essay:

2. A 30 years old male truck driver presented with history of fever & cough since 3 weeks, progressive fatigue and weight loss of about 10 Kg during the last 6 months. O/E: He had generalized lymphadenopathy, warts on hands and genitals. CNS: Neck stiffness +, Kernig’s sign positive. RS: Crepitations +. He died after 2 days. 

What is your diagnosis 

Explain the etiopathogenesis of the condition. 

What is the probable cause of death (1+3+2)

Short notes: (4x4=16)

3. Chemical carcinogenesis

4. CSF findings in pyogenic meningitis

5. Differences between dystrophic and metastatic calcification

6. Hypersensitivity reactions

Answer briefly: (4x2=8)

7. Manifestations of vitamin D deficiency

8. Virchow’s triad

9. Tests done in faeces

10.Lepromatous leprosy

Answer in single sentence: (4x½=2)

11.Define metaplasia

12.Enumerate two causes of proteinuria

13.List two tumor markers

14.Name parasites seen in peripheral blood smear  

0 Answer 0 Comments 32 views February 01, 2019 at 04:17 pm

Posted By : TUTOR

Course : Medical Sciences | Subject : Pharmacology

Question :

Essays: (2x6=12)

1. Classify oral hypoglycemic drugs. Explain the mechanism of action, uses and side effects of sulfonylureas. (2+2+1+1)

2. A 60 years old woman with diabetes complains of thickening and yellowish discoloration of right big toe. The physician diagnosed it as onychomycosis of toe nail. What are the drugs useful in treatment of this patient. Explain the mechanism of action and adverse effects of any one drug. (2+2+2)

Short notes: (5x3=15)

3. Raloxifene

4. Aprepitant

5. Ciprofloxacin

6. Albendazole

7. Thalidomide

Answer briefly: (5x1=5)

8. Rationale of combining trimethoprim with sulfamethoxazole

9. Two uses of bromocriptine

10.Why mesna is given simultaneously with cyclophosphamide.

11.Triple drug regimen in helicobacter pylori infection


Name two drugs: (8x1=8)

13.For treatment of amebic liver abscess

14.Gonadotropin releasing hormone agonist

15.Antitumor antibiotics

16.Stimulant laxatives

17.Protease inhibitors

18.Ovulation inhibitors

19.Treatment of hook worm infestation

20.Parenteral iron preparations

0 Answer 0 Comments 29 views February 01, 2019 at 04:14 pm

Posted By : TUTOR

Course : Medical Sciences | Subject : Pharmacology

Question :

Essays: (2x6=12)

1. Classify antihypertensive drugs. Describe the mechanism of action, uses and adverse effects of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. (2+2+1+1)

2. Sarala, 28 years old lady was suffering from depression. The physician prescribed tablet fluoxetine 20mg/day for her.

Answer the following: 

What is the mechanism of action of fluoxetine. 

What is the advantage of this drug compared to tricyclic antidepressants.

 What can happen if this patient is administered pethidine concurrently (2+2+2)

Short notes: (5x3=15)

3. Plasma half life

4. Edrophonium

5. Sumatriptan

6. Propofol

7. Clopidogrel

Answer briefly: (5x1=5)

8. Tachyphylaxis. Give examples

9. Why is benzhexol used in the treatment of drug induced Parkinsonism.

10.Explain the use of propranolol in thyrotoxicosis.

11.Rationale of using low dose aspirin in post myocardial infarction.


Name two drugs: (8x1=8)

13.Available as transdermal patch

14.Used in the treatment of atrial fibrillation

15.Potassium sparing diuretics

16.Used in treatment of acute congestive glaucoma

17.Histamine releasers

18.In treatment of absence seizures

19.Fibrinolytic agents

20.Disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs

0 Answer 0 Comments 30 views February 01, 2019 at 04:12 pm

Posted By : TUTOR

Course : Medical Sciences | Subject : Physiology

Question :

Long essay (10)

1. A 50 years old person complaints of increased appetite, increased thirst and increased frequency of urination. The blood glucose was found to be 180 mg/dl.

Answer the following questions based on your knowledge in physiology :

● What is your probable diagnosis.

● Which hormone is affected.

● What are the physiological effects of this hormone in the body

● Enumerate the other hormones involved in the regulation of blood glucose(1+1+7+1=10)

Short essays (2x5 =10)

2. Describe the regulation of body temperature during hot climate.

3. Describe the regulation of secretion of cortisol and its physiological role

Answer briefly (5x3=15)

4. Action of ADH

5. Types of EEG wave forms

6. Near response in normal eye

7. Pituitary dwarfism

8. Role of hypothalamus in feeding behavior

Draw and label (2x2½=5)

9. Muscle spindle

10. Neuromuscular junction in skeletal muscle

Explain the physiological basis of the following (5x2=10)

11. Re-polarization phase of action potential

12. Cogwheel rigidity

13. Starling’s law of muscle contraction

14. Immunological test of pregnancy.

15. Milk ejection reflex. 

0 Answer 0 Comments 32 views January 28, 2019 at 04:50 pm